November, 2014

Pet Circkles.

"I am in favor of animal rights as well as
human rights. That is the way of a
whole human being." ~ Abe Lincol

Correcting Excessive Barking.

By Redstone Promotional Communications /

Nothing annoys neighbors and people in general more than pet owners who do nothing about a dog that barks for hours. We've seen that many dog owners don't even try to stop their dog from excessive, annoying barking. Some pet owners just don't know how to go about it and it’s also one of the most common reasons why dogs are returned to shelters or pounds. Dogs bark for any number of reasons and it’s not always bad. The most common reasons for barking are boredom and excitement. These barking episodes are usually brief and specific to a situation. In order to stop excessive barking, you first have to figure out what is causing it.

Causes of excessive barking

Some breeds, such as terriers, may be more prone to barking although almost any breed can exhibit excessive barking.
Some dogs bark because of physical distress if they are hot, cold, hungry or thirsty. (It can be a dog’s way of vocalizing distress.)
Dogs may become a problem barker due to insufficient exercise (the dog’s pent-up energy is released through barking.)
Dogs may be bored, excited or anxious (again, the dog is seeking attention).
Dogs may be frustrated (needing social and/or mental stimulation).
Improper confinement may lead to excessive barking (restrictive tethering, being locked in a pen alone for long periods, lack of shelter).
Excessive barking may be prompted by environmental cues (other dogs barking, passing cars, sirens, storms, etc.).

How to Treat Excessive Barking.

Getting your dog to bark less will take time, work, practice, and consistency. It won’t happen overnight, but with proper techniques and time, you can see progress. Remember this - shouting stimulates your dog to bark more because he thinks you’re joining in. So the first rule is to speak calmly and firmly, but don’t yell.
Most dogs don’t know what you want when you’re yelling at them to “shut up.” So train your dog to understand the word “Quiet!”

Here are a few methods:

When your dog is barking, say “Quiet” in a calm, firm voice. Wait until he stops barking, even if it’s just to take a breath, then praise him and give him a treat. Just be careful to never reward him while he’s barking. Eventually he will figure out that if he stops barking at the word “quiet” he gets a treat (and make it a high level treat, such as cheese or chicken bits to make it worth more than the barking.)

A tired dog is a quiet dog. If your dog barks when alone, tire him out before you go. Take a long walk or run, play ball or take a trip to the dog park before leaving.

Don’t allow problems to go on and on. The longer a dog does something, the more ingrained it becomes. Barking can give dogs an adrenaline rush, which makes the barking pleasant. And allowing a dog to bark in certain situations, such as when the mailman arrives, can eventually make a dog aggressive in those situations. What if your dog gets out one day as the mail is being delivered? Deal with barking problems as quickly as possible.

Some medical problems can cause excessive barking, from bee stings to brain disease to ongoing pain. Older pets can develop a form of canine senility that causes excessive vocalizations. It’s always a good idea to have a pet checked by a veterinarian to be sure there’s no medical reason for a problem.
If your dog barks excessively while you’re gone, you need to provide more activities or companionship to keep him from being lonely or bored.

Bringing an outdoor dog inside will lessen the noise impact on neighbors, and provide extra security for your home. It’s also safer because dogs left alone outside can face theft, escapes, poisoning, harassment, and other dangers. But dogs can still bark inside if bored. So if your dog barks while you’re at work all day, get someone to walk your dog or play with them for at least an hour a day. Providing something for your dog to do during the day also can help. Try leaving out a couple of food-dispensing toys like kongs or raw bones that will take them a while to eat. These can keep him busy for several hours, then he’ll probably take a nap.

Remember not to scold your pet. For a dog, that’s still considered attention. The key is to ignore your dog and what he wants, until he stops barking. Ignore your dog's barking for as long as it takes him to stop. That means don't give him any attention at all while he's barking. Your attention only rewards him for being noisy. Don't talk to him, don't touch him, and don't even look at him. When he finally quiets, even to take a breath, reward him with a treat.

The quickest way to change a dog's behavior is to avert his attention. If he is barking at cars going by or strangers, take him somewhere else, another room or location, to turn his attention to other things. Try to make it something more entertaining than barking and he will quickly forget about whatever he was barking at. Be careful not to make this a reward for barking however. Make sure he doesn't start training you that if he barks he gets to go outside or in a favorite room. The idea is to give his mind something else to think about besides barking without making it a reward. Change what you do to avert his attention often so that he does not associate one thing with barking. The best thing to do is to use that opportunity to train him, to keep his mind occupied with focusing on what you are doing with him. For instance, take him aside and tell him to "come." When he does, give him a reward like a petting session or treat. Then tell him to "sit." etc until the object he is barking at is gone or forgotten.



The New Dog Virus, Circovirus, Can be Deadly.

By Redstone Promotional Communications /

Circoviruses are small viruses that have been known to infect pigs and birds. They are also known to survive well in the environment once shed from affected animals. Porcine circoviruses are very common throughout the world. Porcine circovirus 2 can cause postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome in 2-4 month old piglets, resulting in weight loss, poor growth and high death rates. Although porcine circoviruses were first identified more than 30 years ago, there is still much unknown about the viruses. Circovirus can also infect birds, causing beak and feather disease in psittacine birds (such as parrots, parakeets, budgies and cockatiels), infectious anemia in chickens, and deadly infections in pigeons, canaries and finches.

The circovirus identified in dogs shares more similarity to porcine circovirus than to the avian circovirus, but it is not the same as porcine circovirus. This canine circovirus was first reported in June 2012 as part of a genetic screening of canine samples for new viruses (Kapoor et al 2012). Circovirus was detected in 2.9% of canine sera collected for routine serological testing. In April 2013, a similar virus was detected in a California dog that presented to the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine for worsening vomiting (containing blood) and diarrhea. PCR tests on dogs with and without clinical disease indicate a prevalence rate of between 2.9-11.3%. The data suggest that this new virus, either alone or as a co-infection with other pathogens (disease-causing organisms, such as bacteria and viruses), might contribute to dog illness and deaths. However, the authors also reported that circovirus was identified in the stool of 14 out of 204 healthy dogs, suggesting that infection with circovirus does not always result in illness.

There is still much to learn about this newly identified virus, including its role in disease. Circovirus was suggested as a possible cause of illness and death of dogs in several parts of Ohio in late August/early September 2013, but it is no longer being considered as the primary cause of the illnesses. Circovirus was detected in the stool of one ill dog in Ohio, which is the first time the virus has been identified in Ohio, but this does not mean that circovirus has been confirmed as the cause of any of the recent illnesses. The Ohio Department of Agriculture continues to investigate the illnesses, and this will take time.

As of October 3, 2013, the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development has been investigating illnesses similar to those observed in Ohio. The investigation will take time, and at this time they are not confirming that circovirus is involved.
The route of infection is still unknown, but the basic principles of viral spreading suggest that direct contact with an infected dog or its vomit or diarrhea would present a higher risk of infection. However, many viruses can be spread from animal to animal through the use of shared bedding and equipment or through human contact with an infected animal prior to handling of an uninfected animal. In pigs, circovirus is spread through the manure and through contact with respiratory secretions.

Although some of the dogs showing clinical disease were recently boarded or at doggie daycare facilities, this should not be taken as an indication that this virus is only spread at boarding kennels or that boarding your dog or taking it to daycare will result in infection. Any parent who has taken their child to daycare knows that a high concentration of children in an area can increase the spread of colds and other illnesses; the same thing can happen when dogs are gathered in an area.

Currently there is no vaccine for the disease. This is a very recent development, and it takes years to develop vaccines and get approval for use in pets. And thus far, it is not thought to be spread to humans. If you notice vomiting or bloody stool in your dog, take them to a vet immediately. There is no cure for the disease at this time, but a vet can monitor your pet and treat them for symptoms which can still possibly save their life.

© 2014 Redstone Promotional Communications/ All rights reserved to images and articles.


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Find more pet articles in our Archives by using the Google Search above, and pet home remedies. To just go back and read past Pet Circkles Pages, do a search by month and year. For example: June 2013 etc.


Natural Pet Remedies: Entertainment for dogs while you are away.

As our article to the right explains, dogs left alone for long hours can become chronic barkers or destructive, so here are some clever natural toys or games to keep them busy while you are gone.

Raw bones: If you have a butcher who will save bones for you, or can find the large, round leg bones with the marrow in the middle, these will keep a dog busy for a while. A plus to these bones is you can use them as a natural alternative to plastic and rubber Kongs. When your dog licks the marrow out of the middle of the bone, save the bone and fill it with peanut butter or raw hamburger to get several uses out of it. Raw bones also keep a dog's teeth clean. The best bones for a good teeth cleaning are beef rib bones. Buy a pack of beef ribs and cut them into individual bones. Leave the meat on them to give your dog extra nutrition. They will often work on picking rib bones clean for hours.

Music: Many dogs find music on a low volume soothing and it puts them to sleep. Try leaving the radio or t.v on while you are away to help with seperation anxiety.


Featured Monthly DOG BREED: Characteristics and Concerns. (We will get to cat breeds later.)

Border Collie:

The Border Collie is a working and herding dog breed developed in the Scottish border region for herding livestock, especially sheep. It was specifically bred for intelligence and obedience.
Ranked number one in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs and typically extremely energetic, acrobatic, smart and athletic, they frequently compete with great success in dog sports, in addition to their success in sheepdog trials and are often cited as the most intelligent of all dogs. Border Collies also remain employed throughout the world in their traditional work of herding livestock.
In general, Border Collies are medium-sized dogs with a moderate amount of coat, which is often thick and frequently sheds. Their double coats vary from smooth to rough, and come in many colors, although black and white is the most common.
Due to their working heritage, Border Collies are very demanding, playful, and energetic that they are better off in households that can provide them with plenty of play and exercise with humans or other dogs.[5] Due to their demanding personalities and need for mental stimulation and exercise, many Border Collies develop neurotic behaviors in households that are not able to provide for their needs. They are infamous for chewing holes in walls, destructive biting and chewing on furniture such as chairs and table legs, and digging holes out of boredom. One of the prime reasons for getting rid of a Border Collie is their unsuitability for families with small children, cats, and other dogs, due to their strong desire to herd. This was bred into them for hundreds of years and still one of their chief uses outside the household. However, it is still possible for them to live happily with other pets.

Lifespan: The natural life span of the Border Collie is between 10 and 17 years, with an average lifespan of 12 years

Health Concerns: Hip dysplasia, Collie eye anomaly (CEA), and epilepsy are considered the primary genetic diseases of concern in the breed at this time. CEA is a congenital, inherited eye disease involving the retina, choroid, and sclera that sometimes affects Border Collies. In Border Collies, it is generally a mild disease and rarely significantly impairs vision.
Two types of hearing loss occur in the breed. The first type is pigment associated and is found in Border Collie puppies. The second type is known as adult onset hearing loss. These dogs have a normal auditory brainstem response test as pups but gradually lose their hearing some time between one and eight years of age.
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL) is a rare but serious disease that is limited to show Border Collies. NCL results in severe neurological impairment and early death; afflicted dogs rarely survive beyond two years of age.
Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome (TNS) is a hereditary disease in which the bone marrow produces neutrophils (white cells) but is unable to effectively release them into the bloodstream. Affected puppies have an impaired immune system and will eventually die from infections they cannot fight. The mutation responsible for TNS has been found in Border Collies in English working dogs, in show dogs that had originated in Australia and New Zealand, and in unrelated Australian working dogs.

Looking for a Border Collie? Use our Pet finder tool below and search for an adoptable dog that needs a home in your area now.

To view breeds we've already written about, search our archives in the Google Search at the top of this column.


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