October, 2014

Pet Circkles.

"I am in favor of animal rights as well as
human rights. That is the way of a
whole human being." ~ Abe Lincol
n

Chocolate Poisoning in Animals.

By Redstone Promotional Communications / Circkles.com.

It's shocking how many people still don't know that chocolate is poison to animals. I once knew somebody who gave her dog chocolate and then wondered why he went berserk afterward. She told me one day that the dog went crazy and ran into a wall and later had a heart attack. I told her it was the chocolate and she didn't believe me. "After all, people can eat it so why can't dogs?"

What Makes Chocolate Toxic to Animals?

Chocolate contains substances known as methylxanthines (specifically caffeine and theobromine), which animals are far more sensitive to than people. Different types of chocolate contain varying amounts of methylxanthines. In general, though, the darker and more bitter the chocolate the greater the danger.

For instance, 8 ounces (a ½ pound) of milk chocolate may sicken a 50-pound dog, whereas a dog of the same size can be poisoned by as little as 1 ounce of Baker's chocolate!

Why Isn't Chocolate Toxic to Humans?

Humans can break down and excrete methylxanthines such as theobromine much more efficiently than dogs.

Remember, with any poisoning, it’s always cheaper, less invasive, and has a better prognosis/outcome if you treat early. Once your dog has already developed clinical signs and is affected by the poison, it makes for a much more expensive veterinary visit and it could be too late to save the animal.

Symptoms of concern include:
Vomiting
Diarrhea
Increased body temperature
Increased reflex responses
Muscle rigidity
Rapid breathing
Increased heart rate
Low blood pressure
Seizures
Advanced signs (cardiac failure, weakness, and coma)

What Should I Do if My Pet Ate Chocolate?

If you know your Pet has ingested chocolate , or has any of the symptoms1 above, contact the
Pet Poison Helpline at 1-855-213-6680
or your veterinarian right away.

You can give your pet a small amount of hydrogen peroxide (about a Tbsp for a 50 lb animal) to induce vomiting or if you happen to have activated charcoal on hand (which any pet owner or parent probably should) it will help until you reach a vet. Activated charcoal is used in the emergency treatment of certain kinds of poisoning. It helps prevent the poison from being absorbed from the stomach into the body. Sometimes, several doses of activated charcoal are needed to treat severe poisoning. Ordinarily, this medicine is not effective and should not be used in poisoning if corrosive agents such as alkalis (lye) and strong acids, iron, boric acid, lithium, petroleum products (e.g., cleaning fluid, coal oil, fuel oil, gasoline, kerosene, paint thinner), or alcohols have been swallowed, since it will not prevent these poisons from being absorbed into the body.

Some activated charcoal products contain sorbitol. Sorbitol is a sweetener. It also works as a laxative, for the elimination of the poison from the body. Products that contain sorbitol should be given only under the direct supervision of a doctor because severe diarrhea and vomiting may result.

Activated charcoal has not been shown to be effective in relieving diarrhea and intestinal gas.

Activated charcoal may be available without a doctor's prescription; however, before using this medicine, call a poison control center, your doctor, or an emergency room for advice.

 

Free Radicals and Your Pet.

By Redstone Promotional Communications / Circkles.com.


No, we're not talking about radical individuals running around freely influencing your pet, but something like that.

Free radicals are a natural by-products of metabolism and our chemical-laden environment and are produced in greater than normal amounts when pets are sick, elderly, exposed to toxins, or suffer from poor nutrition. Free-radicals contain oxygen and are missing an electron, which makes them highly reactive. They attack and take electrons from cell membranes, proteins, and DNA. The molecule that loses an electron to a free radical often becomes a free radical itself, continuing the cycle, cell damage and often leading to cancer.

Antioxidants play a major role in maintaining your pet's health. They are beneficial in large part because they counter the effects of damaging free radicals in the body. They can donate electrons to free radicals without becoming free radicals themselves, thereby breaking the cycle of molecular and cellular damage. Therefore, an ample dietary source of antioxidants is essential if a pet is to maintain a strong immune system throughout its life and age in a healthy manner.
For example, a series of studies conducted on dogs1 found that older dogs provided with an antioxidant-enriched diet were able to learn complex tasks with more success than those on a control diet. This, researchers hypothesized, was consistent with the assumption that oxidative damage contributes to brain aging in dogs.

Another study that used an antioxidant- enriched diet found that older dogs (7 and older) were less likely to suffer from age-related behavioral changes associated with cognitive decline, such as excessive licking and patterned pacing. Dogs consuming the antioxidant- enriched diet were also able to recognize their family members and other animals more easily than the control group, as well as display greater attributes of agility.

Antioxidants have even been shown to help dogs and cats that suffer from allergy or coat and skin problems. They also have been shown to promote immune system activity in young animals before vaccination has been implemented.

With all these great benefits, how can you ensure your pet gets antioxidants?

There are some antioxidant supplements for pets on the market now, but the healthiest way to provide antioxidants to your pet and in a way their bodies can best utilize them is in fresh fruits and vegetables. Yes, dogs and cats are meat eaters, but they will also eat plants in small quantities if they are in the wild or readily have access to them themselves. My dog loves to raid my vegetable garden. However, you should regulate how much fruit and vegetables your pet eats because if they eat too much (more than say 30% of their daily food intake) they will get diarrhea and stomach upset. Over time, eating too much plant foods could give them irritable bowel problems.

Giving a 50 lb dog an apple, carrot, beet or banana once a day is a good amount. You can use them in place of commercial, highly- processed packaged treats and your pet will be healthier for it. Not to mention, a carrot or apple is usually cheaper anyway. Try to feed them organic produce, otherwise giving them produce laden with toxic pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers will just be counterproductive by giving them free-radical damage, which you are trying to overcome.

© 2014 Redstone Promotional Communications/ Circkles.com. All rights reserved to images and articles.

Pet Circkles BACK ISSUES: For issues before 2014, please use the Google Search at the top of this page and search by topic or go to our Home Tab in the Main Menu and Back Issues.

January 2014: Pot-Bellied Pals: Pigs as Pets. NATURAL PET REMEDIES: Worms. DOG BREEDS- Basenji. Training a Stubborn Breed.

February 2014: Don't Give a Broken Heart for Valentine's Day. Training an Adopted Animal. DOG BREEDS - Basset Hound. NATURAL PET REMEDIES: Natural Alternatives to Clay Cat Litter.

March 2014: Pet Toy Safety and Natural Toys. DOG BREEDS - Beagle. NATURAL PET REMEDIES: Constipation in Pets.

April 2014: When a Cat Stops Eating, Time is Critical. Pet Remedies: Prorrhoea in Cats. DOG BREEDS - Beauceron. Aquarium Fish Diseases.

May 2014: Intranasal Pet Vaccines Are Not Safer. Pet Remedies: Matted or Tangled Hair.DOG BREED - Belgium Shepherd.National Mill Dog Rescue.

June 2014: Now Your Pet Can Tell You When They're Sick with New App. Still Toxic Treats from China Linked to Over 1000 Dog Deaths and Over 4800 Complaints. More Vets are Confirming that Annual Vaccinations are not Necessary. BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG. Pet Remedies: Natural Non-processed Pet Treats:

July 2014: Pet Smoothies, Natural Pet Remedies: Scratches on Wood Floors and Furniture. A Horse of Any Other Color. Bichon Frisé.

 

Pets who look like their owners:


Find more pet articles in our Archives by using the Google Search above, and pet home remedies. To just go back and read past Pet Circkles Pages, do a search by month and year. For example: June 2013 etc.

 

Natural Pet Remedies: Raw Food Diets.

We thought it would be helpful to revisit raw food diets for pets since we talk about them so much on Circkles. Here are a couple good basic recipes. Pet actually can get away with eating less food overall when they are on a raw diet than on a dry food or canned diet because their bodies get more nutrients out of raw food. You will notice that you pet will have less feces waste after being on a raw diet. That's because their bodies are using more of the food you are giving the and less is being pooped out as waste products their body can't utilize. That right there is a plus: less waste around the yard?

Always remember: When changing an animals diet to do it very gradually so as not to cause stomach upset. Start by mixing 20-30% raw food with their old food and gradually increasing it over the course of a month until their digestive system adjusts. For animals that have been on dried or canned food for years, this can be a very drastic change for them.

Also remember that a dog's digestion works much better when they are given 2 smaller meals every day rather than one large meal. Many dogs these days have digestive problems and bloat is a serious concern. Feeding smaller meals more often helps tremendously with this.

Raw Dog Food: For a large or giant breed dog per day. Divide this into 2 meals: one in the morning and one in the evening.

- 1 lb raw hamburger or chicken.

- 10-20% raw vegetable or fruit such as carrot, beet, apple, banana, squash, pumpkin, tomato. Vegetables are better than fruit because they don't contain as much sugar, b ut fruits are fine once or twice a week.

- Grain: There is some debate these days as to whether dogs need grain in their diet as it can cause some stomach upset. Basically, a dog would normally get their grain nutrients from eating animals that forage on grains such as cows or chickens. So feeding grains to dogs is becoming a matter of personal preference. Typically, we don't because our dogs seem to do well without added grains to their food and they have less stomach upset and allergy symptoms.

 

 

Featured Monthly DOG BREED: Characteristics and Concerns. (We will get to cat breeds later.)

Bloodhound:

This dog is famed for its ability to discern human odors even days later, over great distances, even across water. Its extraordinarily keen sense of smell is combined with a strong and tenacious tracking instinct, producing the ideal scent hound, and it is used by police and law enforcement all over the world to track escaped prisoners, missing people, lost children and lost pets.
This breed is gentle, but is tireless when following a scent. Because of its strong tracking instinct, it can be willful and somewhat difficult to obedience train and handle on a leash. Bloodhounds have an affectionate and even-tempered nature with humans, making excellent family pets. However, like any pet, they require supervision when around small children.

Size: Bloodhounds weigh from 36 to 50 kg (80 to 110 lbs), though some individuals weigh as much as 72 kg (160 lb). They stand 58 to 69 cm (23 to 27 inches) high at the withers.

Health Issues: Compared to other purebred dogs, Bloodhounds suffer an unusually high rate of gastrointestinal ailments, with bloat being the most common type of gastrointestinal problem. The breed also suffers an unusually high incidence of eye, skin, and ear ailments; thus these areas should be inspected frequently for signs of developing problems. Owners should be especially aware of the signs of bloat, which is both the most common illness and the leading cause of death of Bloodhounds. The thick coat gives the breed the tendency to overheat quickly.

Lifespan: Bloodhounds in a 2004 UK Kennel Club survey had a median longevity of 6.75 years, which makes them one of the shortest-lived of dog breeds. The oldest of the 82 deceased dogs in the survey died at the age of 12.1 years. Bloat took 34% of the animals, making it the most common cause of death in Bloodhounds. The second leading cause of death in the study was cancer, at 27%; this percentage is similar to other breeds, but the median age of death was unusually young (median of about 8 years).

Looking for a Bloodhound? Use our Pet finder tool below and search for an adoptable dog that needs a home in your area now.

To view breeds we've already written about, search our archives in the Google Search at the top of this column.

 

Order our new cookbook.

No more searching the web for hours looking for recipes that have not even been tested. Pop our CD into your laptop, or download the efile onto any electronic device and head for the kitchen!

Make your own ingredients and healthy recipes without pre-packed or processed ingredients.

 

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